Persecution of the Knights Templar
The Knights Templar were arrested by King Philip IV of France on Friday, October 13, 1307 based on a number of trumped up various crimes and heresies. The papacy then withdrew its recognition of the Order and formally dissolved the Order in 1312. Jacques de Molay, the Grand Master, was burned at the stake in 1314 after he withdrew his coerced confession. The Order did not end with the popes Order that purported to dissolve the Templars. It continued under the Charter of Transmission also know as the Charter of Larmenius that provided for the Orders continuation.
After the Templars arrests, the Order was suppressed and its properties confiscated. Only in Scotland and Portugal were there no active persecutions; and the Order of the Temple continued to exist.
Many of the Templars who escaped arrest were given refuge in Scotland by King Robert the Bruce and these knights fought with him at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314.